Desarrollo y productividad agrícola en América Latina: el problema de la medición.

  • Daniel Federico Sotelsek Salem Universidad de Alcalá
  • Leopoldo Laborda Castillo Universidad de Alcalá
Palabras clave: cambio técnico, economías de escala, eficiencia técnica, índices de Lowe y de Malmquist, Productividad Total de los Factores (TFP)

Resumen

El crecimiento de la productividad agrícola puede tener consecuencias nada triviales a la hora de mejorar el consumo de subsistencia y de elevar los ingresos procedentes de este sector de la economía. Para autores como Fulginiti y Perrin (1998) o Nin y otros (2003) es posible que tanto los métodos como los datos hasta ahora empleados hayan interpretado de forma errónea la productividad de la agricultura en algunos países sesgando sus medidas. Este es precisamente el propósito de este trabajo y para ello se hará uso del desarrollo metodológico llevado a cabo por O’Donnell (2008) para intentar resolver los problemas anteriormente señalados y contrastarlo con los resultados de las metodologías no paramétricas tradicionales. Mediante índices transitivos de Lowe se estima el cambio de la Productividad Total de los Factores (TFP en inglés), en este caso de la agricultura de algunos países de América Latina para el período 1990-2006. Los resultados obtenidos cuestionan la evidencia empírica obtenida en estudios precedentes. Finalmente se confirma la hipótesis sobre las diferencias de resultados de la productividad cuando se estiman mediante el concurso del índice de Malmquist y el de índices de Lowe.

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Publicado
2019-03-31
Cómo citar
Sotelsek Salem, D., & Laborda Castillo, L. (2019). Desarrollo y productividad agrícola en América Latina: el problema de la medición. Agricultura Sociedad Y Desarrollo, 16(1), 61-83. https://doi.org/10.22231/asyd.v1i1.981